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Due to the fact a low-linguist, I am unclear about the concept of case

What exactly is its meaning, as linguists use it? Is-it in regards to the various forms one to nouns/pronouns usually takes? Could it possibly be about the function of the brand new noun from the phrase?

Particularly, inside the Modern Greek, the brand new ending out-of nouns alter towards the situation. Various other nouns e instance regardless of if, thus «case» is not only in the setting (the brand new finish), and on the meaning.

Into the English, endings dont transform. English is said not to have instances. But of course English can express an identical meanings, even in the event this really is designated various other ways than having endings, age.g. using prepositions otherwise keyword purchase.

Hungarian is alleged to own most cases, but since a local presenter, Really don’t comprehend the site de rencontres sexe pour détenus difference in the latest suffixes utilized by Hungarian while the prepositions used by English. You to definitely will come till the keyword, one other employs, however, or even they express the same types of meaning. In dialects, he has got an identical mode irrespective of and this word they truly are put with. (Getting specific, in Hungarian the newest endings transform quite so you can regard vowel equilibrium. But this is simply not just like the fresh new wildly other endings you to Greek purposes for the same circumstances.)

Within the Romanian universities, it is taught one Romanian features five instances. Yet not, there’s absolutely no difference at all involving the sort of nouns about nominative/accusative and you may dative/genitive pairs. When schoolchildren was requested to understand circumstances inside training, the latest difference in this type of pairs is performed predicated on definition (that is certainly deduced elizabeth.grams. regarding term buy) and not the conclude/types of nouns. New «case» failed to become recognized when your noun just weren’t part of a sentence.

Can there be an accurate and common concept of case within the linguistics, or perhaps is it really a phrase of convenience that is used in different ways to different languages?

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You will find multiple definitions from case, but the variations in antique terms and conditions ranging from languages in addition to have only a lot to carry out with different way of living to own exercises sentence structure.

Morphological situation

The original notion of «case» extends back to help you Greek and you may Latin conventional sentence structure. Contained in this context, it’s firmly attached to the notion of a great noun’s (or a keen adjective’s, due to the fact adjectives was indeed noticed a type of noun) declension otherwise inflectional paradigm. An effective paradigm would be visualized as the a table that features other inflected forms of a phrase.

Even though the concept of «inflection» (in lieu of derivation) has many problem of its very own, normally it is pretty simple, therefore I am only planning to imagine within address you to definitely our company is accepting the theory one to «inflection» are an important term. Inflection is considered to be a kind of morphology, whilst alternatives between different inflected kinds of a keyword is often trained by the syntactic ecosystem. A familiar trend into the morphology try syncretism, and that’s idea of in cases like this because the a beneficial situtation where in fact the inflectional paradigm out of a term includes collection of but officially identical models. E.g. into the English, certain nouns possess the same only one and you may plural variations (deer, sheep) and several verbs possess similar prior and provide variations (struck, shed).

You could typically offer synchronic proof getting syncretism from the thinking about the overall morphological system of a vocabulary and seeing in the event that particular terms and conditions tell you type of forms, even when other people do not. Particularly, during the Latin, there are a number of third-declension nouns finish inside -is by using identical nominative and you may genitive forms from the only one (age.g. collis, collis m. ‘hill’) but the majority of almost every other nouns enjoys various other nominative and you may genitive versions inside the brand new one (e.g. puer, pueri, m. ‘boy’ and puella, puellae, f. ‘girl’). This constitutes research you to definitely Latin morphology general has a good nominative-genitive difference, no matter if not absolutely all terms and conditions has distinctive line of nominative and you can genitive models.

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