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Hover Travelling and you may Bee Travel Variety Range

Bee Varieties Diversity

Out of 2009 to help you 2018, 192 bee assortment seniorblackpeoplemeet tips (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) is caught up inside Calanques Government Park through both on the internet and you’ll bowl trap series. They belonged in order to half dozen group and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the very groups-steeped relatives, followed by Apidae and you can Halictidae, which have 53, forty two, and you will 43 kinds, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is actually the fresh wealthiest genus, that have 33 assortment, if you are seven genera was illustrated about one types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step 1 [online just] ). Utilising the jackknife 1 and 2 spiders, the newest bee species fullness is actually estimated getting ranging from ± 9.89 and you can ± . The newest viewed richness for this reason illustrated 71.3 to help you 79.6% of estimated bee fullness ( Dining table dos). The newest Chao1 approach estimated new viewed richness to track down 76.8% of possible limit fullness ( Dining table dos). The most abundant variety is largely Apis mellifera L. (276 people), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 someone, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 anybody). Ultimately, fifty groups (26%) was portrayed by only one private (singletons).

Ecosystem Features of Bees

About your ecological functions of nesting needs, i knew 59 unmarried bee kinds nesting more than flooring, ninety five unmarried bee assortment nesting below ground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic diversity, like 31.7, 47.9, and you will several.0% of your own complete bee diversity fullness, correspondingly. I concept of five individual variety (bumble bees and honey bees-dos.1%). At some point, new nesting choices out of 14 diversity are unfamiliar (7.3%- Supp Desk the first step [on line simply] ). Regarding your floral eating plan of bee categories, we found that 105 designs (54.7%) foraged on the of several bush varieties (i.many years., generalist diversity, polylectic) and you will 51 variety (twenty six.5%) foraged on one plant nearest and dearest if not that/partners bush types (i.decades., elite group species, oligolectic). To the left thirty six bee diversity (18.8%), brand new floral diet plan was not known (e.grams., which have cleptoparasitic varieties). not, very generalist variety displayed a desires for example otherwise lots away from bush household ( Supp Dining table step one [online just] ). For the 44 singletons, 14 bee classes (28%) ended up being experts, and you will 9 bee species (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk step 1 [on line just] ).

A keen IUCN updates are plentiful to possess 178 assortment (leaving out the fresh new groups structures and you may as yet not known products). One particular, 47 sizes was categorized because study devoid of (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 kinds have been a minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), half a dozen species was actually close endangered (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another species is thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step 1 [on the web simply] ). Around three oligolectic kinds was basically among the eight endangered bee items. A. ovatula and C. albomaculatus is professional toward Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely a professional with the Caprifoliaceae.

Off 2009 to help you 2018, 38 sorts of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was indeed stuck inside Calanques Federal Park. It belonged in order to twenty four genera ( Supp Desk dos [on the web merely] ). The essential numerous genera had been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some one), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 people), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside Latreille, 1828 (13 anyone), while 20 systems (53%) was indeed illustrated about just one personal ( Supp Desk 2 [on line merely] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) had been illustrated of the 20 varieties, and five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table step three [on the web just] ). The fresh new estimate away from complete diversity fullness away-off hover flies and you can bee flies try ranging from 83 and 97 groups using the jackknife step one and you may 2 spiders, respectively. Therefore, this new viewed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of projected hover travel and you can bee travel fullness ( Desk 2).

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